Many individuals can understand academic concepts effectively through the use of hands-on activities. Other terms synonymous with hands-on learning are multi-sensory learning, project-based learning, and active learning. It is referred to as multi-sensory learning because it allows the student to absorb and discover information and concepts through a variety of senses and modalities (e.g., see, hear, touch, do, move). It is called active learning because students are actively engaged, discovering concepts from the inside out, rather than just being passive learners, while someone else explains or shows a concept.
In a study entitled, The Impact of Hands-On-Approach on Student Academic Performance in Basic Science and Mathematics, researchers found significant improvement in the following areas after the implementation of hands-on learning approaches:
- students’ academic performance & participation in math and basic science
- teachers’ willingness to use hands-on-approaches
Research also supports the use of a multi-sensory approach when leaning how to read and write. A learning program called MTARSH (Multisensory Teaching Approach for Reading, Spelling, and Handwriting) was used with 282 remedial students (in need of extra help) and 144 nonremedial students in grades 1-6. California Achievement Test scores in reading and spelling improved significantly for both groups of students after the implementation of MTARSH.
I finished graduate school in my late 20s after going through some personal obstacles and taking some time to figure out my career path. After graduation, my first school psychologist position was in a school for students with significant learning needs. Some of them did not talk, and many shied away from traditional education approaches, putting their heads down, screaming, or walking away.
However, many of these students demonstrated strengths in hands-on learning and could demonstrate understanding of a variety of concepts (e.g., word recognition, counting, adding, social skills, and life skills) through the use of hands on or visual activities that could be interacted with and manipulated.
For instance, one student learned to accurately match two poker chips to a visual of the number 2, three poker chips to a visual of the number 3, etc; another student learned to match words to pictures (e.g., the word table to a picture of a table, the word mountain to a picture of a mountain); another student sorted all the blue sticks into one bin and all the green in another to show color recognition; another student accurately matched pictures of a broom to a dustpan, a mop to a bucket, and a spray bottle to paper towels and then learned to use these real life tools to learn how to sweep, mop and spray/wipe the counter.
I also recently worked with a high school student who switched from traditional school to a homeschool setting in which auto mechanics, sales, farming, travel, and animal care were the main features of his educational program. A pre and post test completed before and after he switched to the homeschool program revealed that he continued to make adequate academic progress through these experiential, hands-on approaches. His reading, writing, and math skills excelled naturally as he applied them to these project-based and experience-based learning assignments.
Research and experience have continuously demonstrated the benefits of using a hands-on/multi-sensory approach to learning. Hundreds of students have told me the same things over and over again, “I am bored just sitting there, it is hard to focus, it is not interesting, I don’t get it, I get lost.” We can try to force them to learn “the best they can” using a less effective learning approach. Or…we can use a research-based approach that keeps students engaged and naturally learning through the use of experiments, projects, interactive activities, and learning games, etc. How would you rather learn? Let’s do what works, instead of trying to teach our kids in a way that fails for many.
What are your thoughts on hands-on activities and multi-sensory learning?
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