Orton-Gillingham-An Instructional Approach to Teaching Students with Dyslexia

research-based spelling strategies for kids

Orton-Gillingham is an instructional approach mainly intended for use with individuals who have difficulty with reading, spelling, and writing associated with dyslexia. Dyslexia makes it difficult for a person to connect sounds to letters and/or blend combinations of letters quickly and fluently in reading. Dyslexia can effect phonemic awareness, the ability to hear and separate the smallest sounds in a word, which  can make spelling and sounding out words difficult. Some people think that dyslexia is seeing letters reversed in words, but in actuality, dyslexia is difficulty with manipulating sounds in words, not with correctly seeing the placement of the letters.

This Video Really Helps You Understand What it is Like to Have Dyslexia


The Orton-Gilingham Approach has been supported by multiple studies, though some research has shown contradictory results. Read more about the research on the Orton-Gilingham Approach.

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Related Articles:

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Five Research-Based Reading Strategies for Teaching Phonemic Awareness: An Early Reading Skill
10 Fun Research-Based Activities to Teach Your Child Letter Sounds
12 Research-Based Spelling Strategies Parents Can Try at Home

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References:

Sherman, Gordon. Can Neuroscience Help to Demystify Dyslexia? Schwab Learning.
The Orton Gillingham Language Approach – A Research Review
“Orton-Gillingham Approach” (PDF). Florida Center for Reading Research. Retrieved 2007-05-23.
Ritchey, K.D.; Goeke, J.L. (2006). “Orton-Gillingham and Orton-Gillingham Based Reading Instruction: A Review of the Literature”. The Journal of Special Education 40 (3): 171–183 (PDF). US Dept of Education. July 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-14
Use of an Orton-Gillingham Approach to Teach a Foreign Language to Dyslexic/Learning-Disabled Students: Explicit Teaching of Phonology in a Second Language. RL Sparks, L Ganschow, S Kenneweg… – Annals of Dyslexia, 1991 – psycnet.apa.org
The Structured Flexibility of Orton-Gillingham.BB Sheffield – Annals of Dyslexia, 1991 – Springer
Multisensory Teaching Approach for Reading, Spelling, and Handwriting, Orton-Gillingham Based Curriculum, in a Public School Setting. KS Vickery, VA Reynolds… – Annals of Dyslexia, 1987 – Springer
Phoneme Awareness in Language-Delayed Children: Comparative Studies and Intervention.N Warrick, H Rubin… – Annals of Dyslexia, 1993 – Springer
DYSLEXIA REVISITED: HISTORY, EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY, AND CLINICAL ASSESSMENT APPLICATIONS  KJ Rooney – Intervention in School & Clinic, 1995
Turner, l.H.M. This Systematic Review Empirically Documents That the Effectiveness of Orton-Gillingham and Orton-Gillingham Based Reading Instruction Remains to be Determined. Evidence -Based Communication Assessment & Intervention, 2008. 2(2), 67-69.

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